In ‘Harris in History and Legend’, Bill Lawson explains that in 1803 ‘these villages were a part of the farm of Losgaintir’ and that reference is made to the ‘sub-tenatns or cottagers in…Keandibig and the herd in Dereclet.’ At this point, I should mention that I have shown the variety of spellings as they appear in the censuses, not least as an example of how one has to take a somewhat flexible approach in interrogating databases if all the data is to be collected!
Sometime in the 1820s crofting townships were established and by 1841 at least seven dozen people were living in them:
Kendebig doesn’t appear as a separate entity, but one could use the Croft History!
In 1846 most of the crofts were bisected to accommodate people cleared from Borve in Berneray and the figures for 1851 and 1861 reflect that situation.
I give the number of people, the number of Heads of household and a figure in brackets indicating an average household. However, the latter is slightly misleading as, for every house containing one or two people, there would be another massing ten or twelve under the one roof:
Direclet 148, 25 (6)
Kendebig 44, 8 (6)
Total 192, 33 (6)
Diraclet 148, 31 (5)
Kendibig 69, 15 (5)
total 217, 46 (5)
During the 1867 both villages were cleared , allegedly because of their proximity to the temptations of the nearby deer forest at Losgaintir, and many inhabitants emigrated to Owen Sound, Ontario but others ‘popped’ up the hill Cadha:
A few were left, scattered around the shore, and, as Lawson states, ‘The Kerrs’ house was so near the shore that a high tide came right into it.’
Derecht 32, 8 (4)
Keudebig 22, 4 (6)
Total 54, 12 (5)
Unfortunately, the division in the 1881 Census of Harris into North and South was not accompanied by an accurate recording of all the townships and hence I have been unable to produce figures for that year.
In 1885 crofts began to be re-established and the deer forests dismantled and the resultant re-population is clear to see in the 1891 and 1901 figures:
Derechte Derichte Direclete 108, 17 (7)
Kendebig 35, 7 (5)
Total 143, 24 (6)
Dericlet 87, 19 (5)
Kendibeg, 37, 7 (6)
Total 124, 26 (5)
The census of 1981 was the last to separate the figures and so the last record we have of the population of Direcleit is from that year. 163 people is the highest recorded population and a healthy 92.8% of them spoke Gaelic, too!
Direcleit 163, (92,8% Gaelic speakers)
Ceann Dibig 29 (71.8% GS)
Direcleit & Ceann Dibig 141 (89.7% GS)
The new Millennium saw the townships with virtually the same population as a century earlier but, sadly, less than two-thirds spoke Gaelic
Direcleit & Ceann Dibig 129 (65.2% GS)
Croft History ‘Deiraclete and Kendebig’ 1785-1985, Harris historical Society
‘Harris in history and Legend’, Bill Lawson
An in-depth analysis of Gaelic in Harris can be found here: